Global Office + Business - Georgia and Turkey
Istanbul, the city that joins East and West, is now home to a new skyscraper. The New York architectural practice Fxfowle designed a 42-storey tower on the Anatolian side which, as a chiseled, shimmering golden obelisk, is a symbol of the city. The design of the finance company's new headquarters embodies both the Orient and the Occident. In the skyscraper, modern functions are combined with the ornamental opulence of Arabian culture. The innovative Schüco glass façade of the LEED Platinum-certified building is fitted with decorative gold punched panels – this second outer skin provides solar shading and screening. The architects also distributed several extensive two-storey »green spaces« throughout the building, which act as a thermal buffer between the inside and outside. A sky garden crowns the tower, offering views of the skies and magnificent vistas of the city and its vicinity.
A NEW PARLIAMENT BUILDING FOR GEORGIA
In the decades since the collapse of the Soviet Union, the aspiring country in the South Caucasus has paved the way to parliamentary democracy. The associated state architecture is also of symbolic value and looks to deliberately convey three messages: decentralisation, transparency and dynamism. These are embodied in the new parliamentary building, which was inaugurated in 2012 in the country’s second-largest city Kutaisi, 220 kilometres to the west of the capital city Tbilisi. The outer shell of the Georgian parliamentary building is characterised by two features. The superstructure, with a surface area of 100 x 150 metres, has the shape of an organic glass dome, which sits over the ground floor and stretches 40 metres high.
Over this spans a white, 200 metre-long concrete strip, which forms a striking design element. At the same time, it serves to connect the extensive surrounding parks and the public building, as the representative main entrances are located at the two end points of the strip are closest to the ground. The extraordinary building envelope and its contents are the result of a collaboration of Spanish architects CMD Ingenieros, led by Professor Alberto Domingo, and the Japanese engineer and structural designer Professor Mamoru Kawaguchi. For the skylight construction, they chose an oval, slimline building framework as the load-bearing member. Over this spans the Schüco FW 50+ glass façade system, which takes on the challenge in terms of geometry and energy efficiency over the entire surface area. The inner core forms an intricate, cubic construction coated with aluminium, and houses the assembly room, conference and meeting rooms, offices, the press area and exhibition rooms. The frame structure and glazing allow daylight to penetrate into almost all of the interior. Particular attention was paid to the roof structure of the semi-circular assembly room that is made out of wood. Several toplights, through which sunlight can stream directly into the heart of the parliament building, are grouped in such a way that they form an abstract map of the different regions of Georgia. The intention being to symbolise the concept of a new state system in touch with the people – here in the country's most important building.